Self-Defense Tips

For the Home: 

 

The safety tips on this page will give you information to give your students or help make yourself more knowledgeable in crime and rape prevention.

1.  Use kick stop door locks.

2. Keep bushes and shrubs cut down below windows.

3.  Put motion sensor lights around the house.

4. Change burned out light as soon a possible.

5. Have a neighbor pick up the mail while you are away for long periods of time.

6. Use family code words.

7. Post emergency numbers by the phone.

8. Various sources indicate that simply displaying WINDOW DECALS and/or yard signs can decrease your chances of being burglarized by up to 75%.

9. You can help secure your windows from being slid open by placing pins through the window frames.

10. A solid door with a double deadbolt lock can delay a burglar; and time to a thief is synonymous to their own safety.

11. A piece of wood placed in the window track or pins through the window frames prevent SLIDING GLASS doors from sliding open for the wrong person.

12. To get a DOG or to not get a dog (for protection), “That is the question”. The real thing (guard dog) may protect you from burglary, but may cause a danger to others. Modern technology now provides many simulated dog alarms models ranging from motion to noise vibration sensors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holiday Safety Tips 

1. Shop during daylight hours whenever possible. If you must shop at night, go with a friend or family member.

2. Dress casually and comfortably.

3. Avoid wearing expensive jewelry.

4. Do not carry a purse or wallet, if possible.

5. Always carry your driver license or identification card along with necessary cash, checks and/or credit cards you expect to use.

6. Even though you are rushed and thinking about a thousand things, stay alert to your surroundings.

7. Avoid carrying large amounts of cash.

8. Pay for purchases with check or credit cards when possible.

9. Keep cash in your front pocket.

10. Notify the credit card issuer immediately if your card is lost or stolen or misused.

11. Avoid over loading yourself with packages. It is important to have clear visibility and freedom of motion to avoid mishaps.

12. Beware of strangers approaching you for any reason. At this time of the year, “con-artist” may try various methods of distracting you with the intention of taking your money or belongings.

13. Walk with confidence!

14. Inform family members or friend when you will leave for shopping, were you will be shopping and when you might return.

 

Parking Lot Safety Tips

 

Arriving at the Parking Lot

  • Have a plan rehearsed in your head of what you will do in the event of an attack.
  • When possible wear shoes and clothing that will not hinder an escape. Sneakers are best and shoes with low heels are your second best. Keep a pair in the car if you are going to be out on your way home from work. If you wear high heels and are pursued, kick them off and run barefoot.
  • If you are unfamiliar with the parking lot, drive through it and check it first. If you don’t feel safe, go elsewhere and wait for someone else to arrive.
  • Be aware of your surroundings. Watch for suspicious people or activities.
  • Park in highly visible, well lit areas. Avoid parking near shrubbery or the side of vans that has the slide open doors. Back in to the space if possible. (Near the elevator, if possible in a parking garage).
  • Always carefully note where you parked so you don’t spend unnecessary time walking around a parking lot.

Returning to your vehicle

  • Do not present yourself as an easy target. Try not to carry a lot of packages.
  • Walk confidently and with a purpose and observe those around you. If you notice someone hanging around your car or acting suspiciously return to the store. Assertive body language can help prevent an attack. Keep your head up.
  • Have all of your attention and effort dedicated to your surroundings and walking to your vehicle.  
  • Turn off your cell phone, have your keys in your hand so you are not searching for them while you walk. Keep vehicle key separate from other keys. Attach a whistle with the vehicle key.
  • Walk to your vehicle in pairs or in a group.
  • As you approach your car, look under and around it. Before getting in your car look in the back seat and on the floor.
  • When you enter your vehicle, lock all the doors and turn on your headlights. This will allow you to see anyone outside in the dark.
  • Start the vehicle and drive to another location; that is well lit before making any necessary phone calls. Limit the amount of time you spend idle in the car.
  • If you feel that you are being followed, walk or run quickly to a lighted store or where crowds of people can offer help if needed. Know where to go for help-police station, fire house, etc. Do not go home.
  • Do anything you can to draw attention. Don’t be embarrassed. Scream, yell or blow your whistle. Honk the car horn.
  • If you carry a purse, don’t dangle it by your side so that a thief can run by you and grab it. Carry your purse close to your body, preferably in front.
  • Keep your car in good mechanical condition to prevent car trouble. Keep the tank filled with sufficient gas.
  • Avoid carrying large sums of money and unnecessary credit cards. Consider keeping ten or fifteen dollars in your wallet or purse to throw to the ground to initiate an escape.
  • Do not talk on your cell phone while walking to and from your car.

 

 

 

Develop a family safety plan 

  • Identify a place for family members to meet if separated by a disaster.
  • Establish an out-of-town friend or relative to act as a point of contact for separated family members to call. Make sure everyone has the number.
  • Ask your local emergency management office about your community’s warning system, evacuation plans and routes and the location of public shelter near your home, work are school.
  • Complete an emergency preparedness checklist and review it with your family.
  • Depending on the type of disaster, determine the best escape routes from your house and find the safest place in your house.
  • Locate the main electric box, water service main and natural gas main. Teach responsible family members how and when to turn these utilities off. Keep necessary tools near gas and water shut-off valves.
  • Post emergency numbers by the phones.
  • Learn emergency first aid and CPR.
  • Install smoke detectors on every level of your home. Test them monthly and change the batteries once a year.
  • Show each family member where the fire extinguisher is kept. Get training on how to use it.
  • Identify potential hazards in your home and take corrective action to help reduce the risk of injury. Secure large or heavy items that could fall and cause damage or injury.
  • Practice implementing your plan.

 

  

Assemble an emergency kit 

Put together a safety kit for your family and stock it with the basic six necessities: water, food, first aid supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies, and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during and evacuation in an easy-to carry container, such as a covered trash container, a camping backpack or duffle bag.

Water 

* Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need more.

* Store one gallon of water per person per day.

* Keep at least a three day supply of water per person (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for each person in your household for food preparation/sanitation).

Food 

Store at least a three-day supply on non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration or cooking, and little water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and lightweight. Your selections should include ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables; canned juices; staples (salt, sugar, pepper, water purifier tablets, spices, ect.); high energy foods and vitamins. Remember food for family members with special needs, such as infants or people with dietary restrictions.

First aid supplies 

Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car that includes:

* 20 adhesive bandages in various sizes

* 5″ x 9″ sterile dressing

* Conforming roller gauze bandage

* 2 triangular bandages

* Roll of 3″ cohesive bandage

* Germicidal hand wipes or waterless alcohol-based hand sanitizer

* Antiseptic wipes

* Large medical grade non-latex gloves

* Adhesive tape, 2″ width

* Anti-bacterial ointment

* Cold packs

* Scissors

* Tweezers

* CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield

* Non-prescription drugs, such as aspirin or non aspron pain reliever, anti-diarrhea medication, antacid (for stomach upsets), syrup of ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the poison control center)

Clothing and bedding 

Include at least one complete change of footwear per person. Consider including sturdy shoes or work boots, rain gear, blankets or sleeping bags, hat and gloves, thermal underwear and sunglasses.

Tools and supplies 

Your emergency supplies should include a battery-operated radio and a flashlight with extra batteries, matches in a waterproof container, a non-electric can opener, eating utensils, a fire extinguisher, plastic sheeting and tape. Also remember to have cash on hand because banks may not be open and ATM’s may not be operating. Other items to consider include signal flares, sewing supplies, knife, axe, basic tolls, maps, a whistle and sanitation supplies (such as toilet paper, a plastic bucket, disinfectant soap).

Special items 

Remember family members with special requirements, such as infants, the elderly or people with disabilities. Make sure your supply kit includes diapers, formula, prescription medications, contact lens supplies, extra eyeglasses or other special items your family may need. Also include games for children.

 

 

 

 

Rape prevention tips

  

Protect yourself at home

1.      Keep entrances well lit.  If normal lighting is not functioning in an entryway, approach with extreme caution.  It is not uncommon for a criminal to remove, unscrew, or break bulbs in entryways. 

2.      Check the identification of any sales or service persons before letting them in.  Ask for a photo ID.  If you have any doubts call the company for verification. 

3.      Equip your home with peepholes, dead bolts, and chain locks.  If you have a child, add a second peephole at their eye level or keep a small stool by the door. 

4.      Never give the impression that you are at home alone if strangers telephone or come to your door.   Advise your children to do the same. 

5.      Beware of potential hiding places and avoid them.  

6.      Keep outside bushes and shrubbery trimmed. Overgrown bushes and trees often provide excellent hiding places for criminals.  

7.      Plant defensive shrubbery around your home, especially beneath windows. Bushes that are thorny, such as bougainvillea, rose bushes. This makes it not such a great place to hide if your a criminal. 

8.      If you come home and find a door or window open or signs of forced entry, do not go in. Call the police! 

 

 

 

 

Protect yourself in your automobile

1.      Keep your car in good working order and gas tank at least half full. Make a practice of filling up your vehicle during the daylight hours. Never let it get so low that you are forced to stop for fuel, particularly at night in an area with which you are unfamiliar.  

2.      Always have your keys out and ready before leaving a building to approach your car. Fumbling through your purse for keys after you’ve reached your car provides criminals with an opportunity to sneak up on you.

3.      Look around and in your car before entering. If you are concerned for any reason, simply walk past your car instead of getting into it.

4.      Lock your car door immediately after entering the vehicle. Make this your first action – even before putting the key into the ignition.

5.      When stopped in traffic keeps doors locked as usual and leave yourself enough distance from the vehicle in front of you should a criminal attempt to walk alongside your vehicle and gain entry or try to attack you.

6.      Park in well lighted areas and lock the doors, even if you’ll be gone a short time. Check your surroundings before getting out of your car. If something or someone strikes you as out of place or threatening, just simply drive away!

7.      When you return to your car, have the key ready and check the front and rear seats and floors before getting in.

8.      If you are accosted in a parking lot, away from your own vehicle, consider rolling underneath a nearby car or truck. It is difficult to force anyone out from under a car.

9.      If an attacker does manage to get into your car while you are in it, do everything in your power to exit the automobile.  If you are still behind the wheel, steer your vehicle into a barricade, a pole, a wall — any object that will create a minor accident.  Take advantage while your attacker’s attention has been diverted and exit the automobile.   Run, yell, scream.  Attract attention.

10.  Don’t stop to assist a stranger whose car has broken down. Those days are gone! Instead, If you want to help. drive to the nearest phone and call the police to help.

11.  If you get a flat tire, drive carefully on it until you reach a safe, well lighted and well traveled area.  If necessary, better to ruin a tire than gamble with your safety.

12.  If you are involved in an accident, stay in your car until police arrive. In minor accidents where the other driver suggests you exchange insurance information, simply hold up your driver license and insurance card against the window.

13.  If you are being followed, don’t drive home. Go to the nearest police or fire station and honk your horn. If that is not possible, drive to an open gas station or other business where you can safely call the police. DO NOT leave your car unless you are certain you can get inside the building safely. Try to obtain the license plate number and description of the car following you.

14.  If possible, have a cellular phone in your car for use in emergencies.

 

 

 

Protect yourself while walking or jogging

1.      Always be alert to your surroundings and the people around you. Walk confidently and at a steady pace.

2.      When on the street, walk facing oncoming traffic. A person walking with traffic can be followed, forced into a car, and abducted more easily than a person walking against traffic.

3.      Walk close to the curb or on the sidewalk. Avoid doorways, bushes, and alleys.

4.      Don’t walk alone at night and always avoid areas where there are few people.

5.      Be careful when people stop you for directions. Always reply from a distance, and never go too close to the car. Stay far enough away from the car that you can turn and run easily. An alternative is to simply state, “I don’t know” and keep walking.

6.      If you feel you are being followed, walk to a well populated area or neighbors house.

7.      If you are in trouble, attract help any way you can. Scream, blow a whistle or yell for help.

8.      Trust your instincts. If a particular place, person, or group of persons makes you feel uneasy, go a different direction, do not approach and avoid contact.

 

 

 

 

 

Protect yourself from date rape drugs

1.      Never leave a drink unattended. NEVER.

2.      Do not accept a drink from anyone you would not “put your life into their hands.” Remember, any stranger or casual acquaintance could be suspect. Even those people who are mixing or pouring drinks.)

3.      If you are feeling sick or dizzy while out socially, go to someone you KNOW and TRUST. If there is no person you can talk to about your condition, call someone on the phone. Never leave alone. NEVER. (The intent of date rape drugs is to get you isolated and then to assault you.)

4.      If you think you have been drugged and cannot tell or call someone, call 911. A blood sample can be collected and appropriate tests run.

5.      Remember, alcohol greatly increases the effects of these drugs. The mixture could be lethal.

Why Rohypnol, GHB and Ketamine in Date Rapes:

1.      They are easy to administer. (Stir and dissolve)

2.      When victims feel the effects, they often leave and are caught alone and vulnerable.

3.      If victims ‘come to’ during an assault, the drugs render them totally helpless and unable to do anything.

4.      When victims are raped, they doubt their experience because of the impaired memory of it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If You Are Attacked

There is no single strategy that always works, so remember these tips:

1.    Keep your head. Stay as calm as possible, think rationally and evaluate your resources and options.

2.    It may be more advisable to submit than to resist. You will have to make this decision based on the circumstances. Be especially careful if the attacker has a weapon. In most cases the attacker might use a weapon as a form of intimidation.

3.    Keep assessing the situation as it is happening. If one strategy does not work, try another. Possible options, in addition to non-resistance, are negotiating, stalling for time, distracting the assailant and fleeing to a safe place, verbal assertiveness, screaming to attract attention and physical resistance.

4.    Stay alert and observant so that you can better describe the attacker and the assault to the police.

5.    If forced to get into a vehicle, your life is in danger, so resist at all cost. Attract attention, cause a disturbance or try to disable your suspect, but DO NOT get into the vehicle. Scream, gouge his eyes, kick or knee him in the groin, stomp on his feet, use your elbows. Fight like you never have before. This is the fight for YOUR life and it could become your last one.

 

General Security Tips

1.    Always let someone know where you are and where you may be going. You should report all unusual stalking or following of you by any suspicious persons.

2.    Maintain your personal space. Stay alert! If a person moves inside your comfort zone, move away. If that person persists, run.

3.    Be alert when leaving stores or shopping malls. This is a time when criminals know you are carrying cash, checkbooks, credit cards, or valuable merchandise.

4.    Don’t use outside ATMs at night, or in unfamiliar or unsafe surroundings. This is another time when criminals know you are carrying cash.

5.    Avoid filling your arms with packages. You might have to make more trips, but keep one arm and hand free whenever possible.

6.      When friends drop you off at home or work, ask them to wait until you are safely inside before leaving. Extend this courtesy to your own friends when driving them to a destination.

 

 

 

 

Travel safety tips

traveling to unfamiliar destinations can bring to you the sort of troubles you do not want to experience while on the road namely: robbery, rape, or murder. Tourists often fall prey to perpetrators because they do not prepare properly before embarking on a trip. Let’s examine some things you should do to prevent your travels from becoming a tragedy:

1. Never list your home address on the luggage tag. If on business, put the company’s address on the tag; if visiting friends you can list their address. Use covered luggage tags as well.

2. Stay with your luggage until the luggage is checked. If you must put your bag down, keep one foot on the handle.

3. Carry important papers with you; NEVER check anything that you simply cannot afford to lose. Photocopy your passport, driver’s license and credit cards.

4. Bring a small flashlight. You never know when you’ll suddenly be “in the dark” and find yourself in unfamiliar surroundings. At night, keep your flashlight by your bed.

5. Make sure that your prescription medicines are filled properly and labeled accurately. In some countries certain prescription medicines are forbidden.

6. Never wear anything that projects affluence. No gold chains, expensive watches and rings, luggage, or other paraphernalia should be in easy view. Better yet: leave your jewelry at home.

7. If possible travel with only one or two credit cards.

8. Women particularly should never accept a drink from a stranger. Keep an eye on your drink at all times.

9. Vary your schedule; try not to come and go at the same time everyday.

10. Only stay in a hotel that uses cards to open room doors and make sure your room has a peephole and a deadbolt lock. Secure the chain and secure the door by pushing a rubber stop under it.

11. Stay in a room near a stairwell. Never take the elevator if a fire or smoke is detected. Always stay in a hotel where the doors enter the hallway and not directly from the outside.

12. Do not wear name tags in public.

13. Do not use unmarked taxi cabs.

14. Sit behind the driver so you can see him, but he cannot see you.

15. Pay the driver upon arriving at your destination and while you are still sitting in the vehicle.

16. If you must rent a car, rent only from a reputable company. Any operating problems that occur could signal sabotage.

17. Be aware of ‘staged’ car accidents meant to catch you off card.

18. Back into your parking spaces to facilitate a quick exit.

19. Park only in well lit and well traveled areas.

20. If your cell phone does not work outside of the country, consider renting one that does for the duration of your trip.

21. If detained for whatever reason by an official, ask for identification. If in doubt, tell them that you want to see his superior. Keep your emotions in check.

22. If traveling with children, bring along an updated photograph of each child in the event that you become separated from them.

23. Write your child’s name and your hotel number on each card; include a close friend’s or relative’s contact information on the card. Give a card to each child which they will carry with them as long as you are away.

24. Discuss with your family what they would do in event of an emergency while away from home, e.g. whom to call, how to contact emergency personnel, etc.

25. Do not discuss travel plans, your room number or any other personal information in public within earshot of strangers.

26. Bring along a basic first aid kit with bandages, iodine, mosquito repellant, sunscreen, alcohol packets, Dramamine, pepto bismol, diarrhea medicine, etc.

27. Familiarize yourself with train and bus schedules before traveling. Have an alternate plan in place in the event your transportation plans change.

28. Do not flash your passport in public. Discreetly show important documents to officials only.  Believe it or not Americans are not liked in allot of countries.

29. Consider purchasing portable alarms that emit a loud sound.

30. Watch for scams on the street. Children working with adults are notorious as pickpockets.  American are suckers for this sort of scam!

31. Never flash your money in public. Exchange funds with reputable and recognized exchangers only.

32. Consider renting an escort [security] service if traveling in areas where crime is high.

The key to safe traveling in any area is situational awareness. Distractions because of luggage, children, hotel personnel, strangers, etc. can put you at risk. Know your surroundings and stay in control of every situation.

How to Build a Disaster kit

This is some basic thing you might want to consider having in your desaster survival kit. This list can be added to. I recommend you search the web for examples and or go to www.fema.gov for how to put together your kit.

Water
This is the big one. You must have plenty of water. Just how much? FEMA, the disaster preparedness wing of the US Government, insists that you should have at least a three-day supply. A rule of thumb — have one gallon of water per person per day. If you happen to live in a hot climate, you’ll want to increase that amount. “Very hot temperatures can double the amount of water needed,” the site writes. Also, keep in mind that children, the elderly, nursing mothers, and people who are ill will need more water. Of course, you’ll want to store the water in non-breakable containers and keep an eye on the expiration date. Water doesn’t spoil in the traditional sense, but it can taste bad after a while.

First aid supplies
There’s no telling what you’ll be faced with in the wake of a disaster, but a few basic first aid supplies will certainly come in handy. Again, according to FEMA, you’ll want several bandages of various sizes, gauze pads, adhesive tape, scissors, tweezers, antiseptic, a thermometer, antiseptic, petroleum jelly, sunscreen, safety pins, and more. You’ll also want a good supply of non-prescription medication, including aspirin, anti-diarrhea medicine, antacid, laxative, and some poison control supplies. For a full list, check here.

Food
Like water, you’re going to want a healthy supply of non-perishable food should the unexpected happen. The American Red Cross writes that you should have a three-day supply ready in case you are forced to leave your home. And you should also have a two-week supply in the event that you stay in your home. Of course, the food should be easy to open and prepare.

Clothing and sanitation supplies
This mostly applies to people in cold-weather areas. Should disaster strike, have some warm clothes at the ready. You’ll want to have at least one complete change of clothes for each person. FEMA suggests a coat, sturdy shoes or boots, long pants, gloves, hat, scarf, thermal underwear, and rain gear. You’ll also want to have plenty of blankets, sunglasses, and various sanitation supplies like soap, toilet paper, detergent, and more.

Tools and special items
Just a few things you’ll want to have on you: battery operated radio and batteries, flashlight, cash, nonelectric can opener, pliers, compass, matches, signal flare, paper and pencil, wrench to shut off household gas and water, whistle, and map of the immediate area. Important documents like IDs, birth certificates, credit card information, prescription numbers, and extra eyeglasses are also good ideas. Again, this is just a partial list. For the full list, please visit FEMA.gov.